IMR Press / FBE / Volume 15 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.31083/j.fbe1503019
Open Access Review
Antimicrobial Resistance and Current Methods for its Detection
Show Less
1 Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants and Microorganisms – Subdivision of the Federal State Budgetary Research Institution Saratov Federal Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IBPPM RAS), 410049 Saratov, Russia
*Correspondence: (Olga I. Guliy)
Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2023, 15(3), 19;
Submitted: 25 December 2022 | Revised: 27 April 2023 | Accepted: 11 May 2023 | Published: 26 July 2023
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antimicrobial Resistance)
Copyright: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Infection diagnosis and antibiotic sensitivity testing are important aspects of clinical microbiology that are in dire need of improvement owing to the inadequate current standards in the early detection of bacterial response to antibiotics. The increasing antimicrobial resistance is a serious global threat to human health. Current resistance-detecting methods, using the phenotypic antibiotic sensitivity test, which measures bacterial growth as affected by antibiotics, have long analysis times. Therefore, new and rapid methods are needed to detect antibiotic resistance. Here, we review the methods used to detect antibiotic resistance in bacteria, including that caused by biofilm development, and we look at the development of rapid methods for evaluating antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

bacterial biofilms
antimicrobial resistance
detection methods
121032300311-5/Saratov Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Fig. 1.
Back to top