Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Loss of pancreatic beta-cells by apoptosis appears to play an important role in the development of insulin deficiency and the onset and/or progression of the diabetes mellitus. To this end, we report that curcumin prevents high glucose (HG) induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in mouse pancreatic beta cells. Moreover, curcumin prevents HG induced increase in expression of CHOP, decrease in PCG-1α and phosphorylation of ERK1/2 (pERK1/2) without any effect on the phosphorylation levels of p38 and JNK. Moreover, similar to curcumin, blockade of pERK1/2 reduced the HG induced apoptosis in pancreatic beta cells. Overexpression of CHOP or siRNA knockdown of PCG-1α counteracted the effect of curcumin on HG induced apoptosis and oxidative stress. These results suggest that curcumin acts through CHOP/PCG-1α and ERK1/2 signaling to block the HG induced oxidative stress and apoptosis.