Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is an open access journal dedicated to the publication of research in all areas of cellular and molecular biology. The journal provides a platform for delivering scientific information to investigators, scientists, physicians, lectures and students. To guarantee quality and accuracy, all articles will be rigorously peer-reviewed prior to publication.

FBL aims to publish state-of-the-art advances in all aspects of cellular and molecular biology in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes, including studies related to biochemistry, biophysics, physiology, pathology, biotechnology, bioinformatics, and other related fields. In addition to original research articles, FBL also considers reviews, systematic reviews, short communications, and editorials.

ISSN Numbers

Print ISSN: 2768-6701

Electronic ISSN: 2768-6698

CD-ROM: 1094-3935

Impact Factor

Publication Frequency: Monthly

Current Impact Factor: 3.1 (2022)

Five-year Impact Factor: 3.9

Scopus CiteScore: 3.4


Journal History

1996       Frontiers in Bioscience released the inaugural issue.

1996       Frontiers in Bioscience has been indexed by Scopus.

1996       Frontiers in Bioscience has been indexed by PubMed.

1997       Frontiers in Bioscience has been indexed by SCIE.

2002       Frontiers in Bioscience received its first Impact Factor 3.063.

2009       Frontiers in Bioscience was renamed Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark.

2021       IMR Press started to publish Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) (from Volume 26 Issue 5) with Open Access under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.

FBL’s Open Access Initiative

The advent of online publication has greatly improved access to scientific content on a global scale. This has led to calls from the academic community for research publications to be made freely available online and immediately upon publication, without the barrier of paid subscription to access.

In response to these calls, and following consultation with journal contributors, the Editors of Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) launched an Open Access initiative for FBL in 1 February 2021. This means that it is no longer necessary to have a subscription in order to read current FBL content online.

There are substantial costs associated with publishing a high quality journal such as FBL, including administration of the editorial process, production of the published version, and development of online functionality. Under a subscription-based model, these costs are mainly covered by charging libraries and individuals for access to the journal's contents. Under FBL's Open Access model, we aim to cover the costs of publication primarily through the use of an Article Processing Charge.

Authors Rights and Permissions

Papers published in Volumes 1 Issue 1­–Volume 26 Issue 4 (from 1996 to January 2021) are copyright IMR Press.

Permission is not required when:

IMR Press grants any third party the right to use the article freely, so long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified.

Permission is not required to use original figures or tables for non-commercial and educational use (e.g., in a review article, or in a book that is not for sale) if the article is copyright IMR Press. Please include the full journal reference and, for articles published in Volumes 1 Issue 1­–Volume 26 Issue 4 (from 1996 to January 2021), include "Copyright (copyright year) IMR Press" as a copyright note.

Starting from 1 February 2021, all FBL content is available online and is fully browsable and searchable. Articles published beginning from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021) are under the terms and conditions of the CC BY license. FBL is not authorized to grant permission for material published under either license, as the authors retain copyright. However, depending on the intended use, permission may not be required at all. For details, see: Copyright & License.

IMR Press will insert the following note on the first page of the published text:

© Year The Author(s). Published by IMR Press. This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.


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