Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Hepatocytes from ethanol-fed animals, isolated from either whole liver or the periportal or perivenous regions of the lobule, exhibited an ethanol-related decrease in energy state only when they were oxygen deficient. This was accompanied by an ethanol-related decrease in hepatocyte viability. Both periportal and perivenous hepatocytes from ethanol-fed rats demonstrated increased respiration. The observations reported here are consistent with an ethanol-induced increase in oxygen utilization which could render the perivenous region of the lobule relatively oxygen deficient in the intact liver. This oxygen deficit may cause the decreases in energy state and cell viability associated with chronic ethanol consumption. Ethanol-associated loss in hepatocyte viability appeared to correlate better with a decrease in energy state than with an increase in the products of oxidative stress. An investigation of the association between viability and cellular malondialdehyde levels revealed no effects of chronic ethanol consumption on MDA levels in hepatocytes that demonstrated ethanol-related decreases in cell viability.