Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Recent developments in multifunctional hybrid nanoparticles: opportunities and challenges in cancer therapy
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Academic Editor: Pablo Taboada
Multifunctional hybrid nanoparticles combine some of the unique physical and chemical characteristics of two or more classes of materials, such as polymers, liposomes, metals, quantum dots and mesoporous silica among others, to create a versatile and robust new class of nanoparticles. Here we discuss the most recent synthetic strategies to create these hybrid systems and analyze four key design aspects: stability, encapsulation of therapeutic and imaging agents, controlled release of encapsulated agents, and biocompatibility. Through the combination of multiple nanomaterials, hybrid nanoparticles aim to expand the functionality of single-component systems, using the strengths of one material to improve on weaknesses of another. We then examine how hybrid nanoparticle platforms provide unique opportunities in cancer therapy, specifically in the treatment of multidrug resistant cancer. Finally, we discuss some of the challenges hybrid nanoparticles systems might face in their large scale synthesis and commercialization in the biopharmaceutical industry.