IMR Press / FBE / Volume 16 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.31083/j.fbe1601002
Open Access Review
Emerging Trends in Wheat (Triticum spp.) Breeding: Implications for the Future
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1 Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA
*Correspondence: (P. Stephen Baenziger)
Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2024, 16(1), 2;
Submitted: 14 September 2023 | Revised: 12 November 2023 | Accepted: 5 December 2023 | Published: 31 January 2024
Copyright: © 2024 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Wheat (Triticum spp and, particularly, T. aestivum L.) is an essential cereal with increased human and animal nutritional demand. Therefore, there is a need to enhance wheat yield and genetic gain using modern breeding technologies alongside proven methods to achieve the necessary increases in productivity. These modern technologies will allow breeders to develop improved wheat cultivars more quickly and efficiently. This review aims to highlight the emerging technological trends used worldwide in wheat breeding, with a focus on enhancing wheat yield. The key technologies for introducing variation (hybridization among the species, synthetic wheat, and hybridization; genetically modified wheat; transgenic and gene-edited), inbreeding (double haploid (DH) and speed breeding (SB)), selection and evaluation (marker-assisted selection (MAS), genomic selection (GS), and machine learning (ML)) and hybrid wheat are discussed to highlight the current opportunities in wheat breeding and for the development of future wheat cultivars.

genetic modification
Fig. 1.
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