IMR Press / FBE / Volume 11 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.2741/E844

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Three-dimensional printing as an educational tool in colorectal surgery
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1 1st Propaedeutic Surgery Department, AHEPA University Hospital of Thessaloniki, Greece
2 Department of Radiology, The Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospitals, UK
3 Composite and Smart Materials Laboratory (CSML), Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Ioannina, GR-45110 Ioannina, Greece
4 1st Department of Surgery, Papageorgiou University Hospital of Thessaloniki, Greece
5 Department of Emergency Medicine, INSELSPITAL, Universitatsspital Bern, Schweiz, Switzerland
6 Department of Innovation, Global Biomedical Technologies, Inc., Roseville, CA, USA and Stroke Diagnostic and Monitoring Division, AtheroPoint™, Roseville, CA, USA
Send correspondence to: Petros I. Bangeas, 1st Propaedeutic Surgery Department, AHEPA University Hospital of Thessaloniki, St Kiriakidi 1, Greece, Tel: 00302313303488, Fax:00302313303488, E-mail:
Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2019, 11(1), 29–37;
Published: 1 January 2019

3D printing is a rapidly advancing technology which represents a significant technological achievement that could be useful in a variety of biomedical applications. In the field of surgery, 3D printing is envisioned as a significant step in the areas of surgical planning, education and training. The 3D printed models are considered as high quality and efficient educational tools. In this paper A randomized controlled trial was performed to compare the educational role of 3D printed models with that of the conventional MRI films in the training of surgical residents. Statistical analysis revealed that Resident surgeons who studied only the anal fistula printed models, (Group B) achieved a higher overall score in the fistula assessment test (87,2 (82,6-91,6)) compared to resident surgeons (Group A) who studied only MRI images (74,85 (66,8-73,5)). 3D printing technology can lead to improvement in preoperative planning accuracy, followed by efficient optimization of the treatment strategy. It is believed that 3D printing technology could be used in the case of various other surgical applications, thus representing a novel tool for surgical education.

Figure 1
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