IMR Press / FBL / Volume 24 / Issue 6 / DOI: 10.2741/4770

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Interactions between human hemoglobin subunits and peroxiredoxin 2
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1 Laboratory of Hemoglobin, Baotou Medical College, 014060, Baotou, China
2 Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education/Beijing), Central Laboratory, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, 100142, Beijing, China
3 State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, China University of Petroleum, 102249, Beijing, China
synmg@126.com (Yan Su)
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2019, 24(6), 1085–1096; https://doi.org/10.2741/4770
Published: 1 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Leader sequences of coronavirus are altered during infection)
Abstract

Red blood cells (RBCs) are exposed to exogenous reactive oxygen species in the circulatory system. To this end, the interactions between the different hemoglobin (Hb) subunits and peroxiredoxin 2, which is a ubiquitous member of the antioxidant enzymes that also controls the cytokine-induced peroxide levels, were assessed. We predicted by the increment of diversity with quadratic discriminant analysis (IDQD) that peroxiredoxin2 (Prx2) could interact with the hemoglobin alpha, beta and gamma subunits but not with the delta subunit. Coimmunoprecipitation (co-IP), electrospray ionization quadrupole time of flight (ESI-Q-TOF) mass spectrometry, Western blotting and X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy were performed to verify these predictions. The results showed that Prx2 was a member of the beta-globin immunoprecipitating complex that existed in hemoglobin A, hemolysate-hemoglobin A, hemoglobin A-hemoglobin A2, hemolysate-hemoglobin A-hemoglobin A2 and hemoglobin A2 but not in hemolysate-hemoglobin A2. Adding Prx2 to hemoglobin A altered the second shell of iron embedded in hemoglobin A. Therefore, Prx2 interacts with hemoglobin A (Alpha2Beta2) and hemoglobin F (Alpha2Gamma2) but not with hemoglobin A2 (Alpha2Delta2).

Keywords
Peroxiredoxin 2
Hemoglobin
Interaction
Increment Of Diversity With Quadratic Discriminant Analysis
X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure
Figures
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