IMR Press / RCM / Volume 23 / Issue 8 / DOI: 10.31083/j.rcm2308280
Open Access Review
Echocardiography in the Diagnosis of Cardiomyopathies: Current Status and Future Directions
Show Less
1 Cardiothoracic Medicine Department, “Carol Davila'' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 020021 Bucharest, Romania
2 Department of Cardiology, Elias Emergency University Hospital, 11461 Bucharest, Romania
*Correspondence: (Mihaela Roxana Popescu); (Andreea Catarina Popescu)
Academic Editors: Zhonghua Sun and Michael Dandel
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2022, 23(8), 280;
Submitted: 14 March 2022 | Revised: 7 May 2022 | Accepted: 27 June 2022 | Published: 10 August 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Role of Echocardiography in Current Cardiology Practice)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Cardiomyopathies are a challenging pathology and echocardiography is essential for diagnosis and prognosis. The most frequent cardiomyopathies are the dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), followed by the less frequent restrictive (RCM) and arrhythmogenic right ventricle cardiomyopathies (ARVC). Echocardiography can identify diagnostic features, and guide further testing for a definitive diagnosis. Echographic parameters are involved in risk score computing and prognosis assessment. While the most prevalent hallmark of HCM is the asymmetric left ventricular hypertrophy and systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve with the obstructive phenotype, DCM shows dilated left ventricle with different degrees of systolic dysfunction, and RCM is usually characterized by undilated ventricles associated with atrial enlargement. The aim of this review is to display and compare the most frequent cardiomyopathies encountered in clinical practice and highlight their most characteristic features in a useful way for the practicing clinician.

restrictive cardiomyopathy
dilated cardiomyopathy
speckle tracking
arrhythmogenic right ventricle cardiomyopathy
ventricular non-compaction
stress cardiomyopathy
Takotsubo syndrome
deep learning
Fig. 1.
Back to top