Academic Editor: John Lynn Jefferies
Restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is an uncommon cardiac muscle disease characterized by impaired ventricular filling and severe diastolic dysfunction with or without systolic dysfunction. The patients with RCM present poor prognosis and high prevalence of sudden cardiac death, especially in the young. The etiology of RCM may be idiopathic, familial or acquired predispositions from various systemic diseases. The genetic background of familial RCM is often caused by mutations in genes encoding proteins of sarcomeres and a significant minority by mutations in non-sarcomeric proteins and transthyretin proteins. It is important to identify the associations between genotype and phenotype to guide clinical diagnosis and treatment. Here, we have summarized the reported index cases with RCM involving genetic etiology to date and highlighted the most significant phenotype results.