Academic Editor: Neven Zarkovic
We aimed to compare the predictive value of different inflammatory markers in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Four hundred ninety-five patients treated with nephrectomy for primary localized or locally advanced RCC between 2010 and 2018 were included in the retrospective analysis. The median follow-up for the entire cohort was 48 months. Based on the preoperative laboratory measurements, patients with higher neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), systemic inflammatory response index (SIRI), systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), neutrophil/erythrocyte ratio (NER), derived neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (dNLR), and lower lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR) and hemoglobin/platelet ratio (HPR) had worse cancer-specific survival (CSS). In the multivariate analysis tumour stage, grade, age and high SIRI constituted independent factors predicting CSS. The model including SIRI values achieved C-index 0.903 (alternative multivariate models with SII and NLR 0.902 and 0.890, respectively). Age, tumour grade and high NER (or high SIRI/ SII in alternative models) were prognostic for overall survival. Markers of systemic inflammation might provide additional prognostic information (especially SIRI, SII, NLR and NER) and further increase the predictive accuracy of available models in localized and locally advanced renal cell carcinoma. For the first time, we show the prognostic value of neutrophil-to-erythrocyte ratio, which constitutes an independent risk factor of overall survival.