IMR Press / FBE / Volume 4 / Issue 6 / DOI: 10.2741/e538

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

Isolated lung perfusion

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1 Division of Thoracic Surgery and Lung Transplant Program, Toronto General Hospital, 190 Elizabeth St. RFE 1-408, Toronto, ON, M5G 2C4, Canada

Academic Editor: Alexander Sasha Krupnick

Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2012, 4(6), 2226–2232; https://doi.org/10.2741/e538
Published: 1 January 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lung tissue engineering)
Abstract

 

Isolated lung perfusion (ILP) has been historically used as a method to study basic lung physiologic concepts using animal models. More recently, ILP has been applied in lung transplantation and thoracic oncology. In lung transplantation, ILP has been used to assess physiological integrity of donor lungs after the organ is removed from the donor. This procedure is called Ex vivo Lung Perfusion (EVLP), and it has also been proposed as a method for active treatment and repair of injured unsuitable donor organs ex vivo. In oncology, ILP is an attractive method to deliver high dose chemotherapy to treat pulmonary metastatic disease. Since the lung vasculature is isolated in vivo, this technique is called in vivo lung perfusion (IVLP). This review will focus on the rationale, technical aspects, experimental and clinical experience of EVLP and IVLP. A perspective on the future use of these techniques is described.

Keywords
Lung transplantation
Preservation
Perfusion
Repair
Lung metastases
Review
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