IMR Press / FBE / Volume 14 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.31083/j.fbe1404028
Open Access Original Research
Green Technology as a Way of Cleaning the Environment from Petroleum Substances in South-Eastern Poland
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1 Department of Plant Production Technology and Commodities Science, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
2 Department of Einvironmental Engineering and Geodesy, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
3 Department of Food Production and Safety, Carpathian State College in Krosno, 38-400 Krosno, Poland
4 Nuclear Research Centre of Birine, Ain Oussera, 17200 Djelfa, Algeria
5 Chemistry Department, University of Hamma Lakedra El-Oued, 39000 El-Oued, Algeria
6 Experimental Station for Cultivar Assessment of Central Crop Research Centre, 21-211 Uhnin, Poland
7 Department of Potato Agronomy, Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute-National Research Institute, Branch of Jadwisin, 05-140 Jadwisin, Poland
8 Computer Sciences Department, University of Technology, 10066 Baghdad, Iraq
*Correspondence: (Barbara Sawicka)
§Department of Applied Ecology and Nature Management, National University “Yuri Kondratyuk Poltava Polytechnic", Poltava, Ukraine.
Academic Editor: Angela Roberta Lo Piero
Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2022, 14(4), 28;
Submitted: 16 May 2022 | Revised: 20 June 2022 | Accepted: 28 July 2022 | Published: 24 October 2022
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Background: In phytoextraction methods, the problem is the obtained contaminated plant biomass, the selection of the appropriate species, resistant to the type and degree of contamination, as well as the long time needed to completely clean the soil. Goal: when selecting the appropriate method of remediation of soils contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, not only the effectiveness of the method should be considered, but also the degree of contamination, the location of the site and its current and planned use. Methods: Descriptive, laboratory and comparative methods were used. Results: Soil contamination with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which can cause mutations and cancer, is of particular concern as it affects not only human health but also vegetation growth and the biological environment. A fast, nature-friendly and cost-effective method is required to remove and minimize the hazardous effects of crude oil. Conclusions: Green technology is particularly beneficial, especially the phytoextraction technique, in which plants clean the soil of excess petroleum products, prevent its further movement from the site of contamination and prevent erosion of reclaimed soil. Species such as: Trifolium repens, Trifolium pratense, Lotus corniculatus, Agrostis stolonifera, Festuca rubra subsp. trichophylla, Arrhenatherum elatius performed their tasks very well, therefore they can be recommended for use as a factor counteracting environmental degradation.

soil contaminated with hydrocarbons
Fig. 1.
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