Frontiers in Bioscience-Scholar (FBS) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 1 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by the absence of estrogen and progesterone receptors and absence of amplification of human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2). This disease has no approved treatment with a poor prognosis particularly in African-American (AA) as compared to European-American (EA) patients. Gene ontology analysis showed specific gene pathways that are differentially regulated and gene signatures that are differentially expressed in AA as compared to EA. Such differences might underlie the basis for the aggressive nature and poor prognosis of TNBC in AA patients. In-depth studies of these pathways and differential genetic signature might give significant clues to improve our understanding of tumor biology associated with AA TNBC to advance the prognosis and survival rates. Along with gene ontology analysis, we suggest that post-translational modifications (PTM) could also play a crucial role in the dismal survival rate of AA TNBC patients. Further investigations are necessary to explore this terrain of PTMs to identify the racially disparate burden in TNBC.