- Academic Editor
Cardiac aging is a natural process accompanied by cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and dysfunction. These changes can lead to adverse organ remodeling and ultimately lead to the development of heart failure. The study of cardiac aging is helpful to explore the mechanism of senescence and is of great significance for preventing cardiac aging. Cardiac aging is accompanied by changes in various metabolic functions. In this process, due to the change of metabolic substrates and enzyme activities, oxidative stress response increases, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) increases, accompanied by mitochondrial dysfunction and gene expression changes, so related protein metabolism also changes. Hormone metabolism and autophagy are also involved in the process of cardiac aging. Based on these findings, changes in diet, caloric restriction, improvement of mitochondrial function and promotion of autophagy have been proven to have positive effects in delaying cardiac aging. This article reviews the metabolic changes involved in the process of cardiac aging from different aspects, and briefly reviews the measures to improve cardiac aging.