IMR Press / RCM / Volume 23 / Issue 7 / DOI: 10.31083/j.rcm2307234
Open Access Original Research
A Quasi-Randomized Controlled Trial of an Integrated Healthcare Model for Patients with Coronary Heart Disease
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1 Department of Cardiology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430022 Wuhan, Hubei, China
2 Department of Nursing Administration, Jieyang People’s Hospital, 522000 Jieyang, Guangdong, China
3 Department of Nursing Administration, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430022 Wuhan, Hubei, China
*Correspondence: Man.Xie@hotmail.com (Man Xie); yanqiaoyuan@163.com (Qiaoyuan Yan)
Academic Editors: Muideen Olaiya and Dominique Cadilhac
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2022, 23(7), 234; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.rcm2307234
Submitted: 10 March 2022 | Revised: 13 May 2022 | Accepted: 26 May 2022 | Published: 24 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cardiovascular Health and Cerebrovascular Disorders)
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Abstract

Background: An increasing number of coronary heart disease (CHD) patients with an aging population are demanding available and effective out-of-hospital continuous healthcare services. However, great efforts still need to be made to promote out-of-hospital healthcare services for better CHD secondary prevention. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a hospital-community-family (HCF)-based integrated healthcare model on treatment outcomes, treatment compliance, and quality of life (QoL) in CHD patients. Methods: A quasi-randomized controlled trial was conducted at the Department of Cardiology, a tertiary A-level hospital, Wuhan, China from January 2018 to January 2020 in accordance with the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials guidelines. CHD patients were enrolled from the hospital and quasi-randomly assigned to either HCF-based integrated healthcare model services or conventional healthcare services. The treatment outcomes and QoL were observed at the 12-month follow-up. Treatment compliance was observed at the 1-month and 12-month follow-ups. Results: A total of 364 CHD patients were quasi-randomly assigned to either integrated healthcare model services (n = 190) or conventional healthcare services (n = 174). Treatment outcomes including relapse and readmission rate (22.6% vs 41.9%; relative risk [RR] = 0.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.40–0.74; p = 0.0031), the occurrence of major cardiovascular events (19.5% vs 45.4%; RR = 0.43; 95% CI, 0.30–0.59; p = 0.0023), complication rate (19.5% vs 35.0%; RR = 0.56; 95% CI, 0.39–0.79; p = 0.0042), and the control rate of CHD risk factors (p < 0.05, average p = 0.009) at the 12-month follow-up in the intervention group were better than those of the control group. There was no significant difference in treatment compliance at the 1-month follow-up between groups (p > 0.05, average p = 0.872). Treatment compliance at the 12-month follow-up in the intervention group, including correct medication, reasonable diet, adherence to exercise, emotional control, self-monitoring, and regular re-examination, was higher than that of the control group (p < 0.05, average p = 0.007). No difference was found in the compliance with smoking cessation and alcohol restriction at the 12-month follow-up between groups (p = 0.043). QoL at the 12-month follow-up in the intervention group was better than that of the control group (86.31 ± 9.39 vs 73.02 ± 10.70, p = 0.0048). Conclusions: The integrated healthcare model effectively improves treatment outcomes, long-term treatment compliance, and QoL of patients, and could be implemented as a feasible strategy for CHD secondary prevention.

Keywords
coronary heart disease
integrated health care
secondary care
treatment outcome
patient compliance
quality of life
Figures
Fig. 1.
Funding
2016CFB698/Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province, China
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