IMR Press / FBS / Volume 15 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.31083/j.fbs1504013
Open Access Original Research
Identification of Candidate mRNA Genes and Their Potential MicroRNA Targets in Lung Cancer Induced by Smoking Tobacco
Show Less
1 Environmental Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Integral University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226026, India
2 Department of Pathology, The University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
*Correspondence: (Maneesh Kumar Misra)
Front. Biosci. (Schol Ed) 2023, 15(4), 13;
Submitted: 6 July 2023 | Revised: 1 September 2023 | Accepted: 27 October 2023 | Published: 27 November 2023
Copyright: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Background: Smoking is considered the single highest risk factor for lung cancer and has been suggested to be associated with accelerated somatic mutations in respiratory mucosa that lead to the development of lung cancer. MicroRNAs serve as modulators in smoking-induced mRNA gene expression changes in the human airway epithelium and are linked to the development of lung cancer. The thermodynamics in the microRNA (miRNA)–mRNA interactions may be affected in tobacco smokers, consequently, leading to phenotypic variations in lung cancer patients. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the impact of smoking tobacco on somatic mutations in mRNA genes and assess their potential impact on miRNA–mRNA interactions in lung cancers. Methods: The clinically significant pathogenic variants in mRNA genes in the dataset in lung cancer cases linked to smoking tobacco (n = 330) were obtained from the Cancer Atlas database (TCGA, and used to assess the potential role of tobacco consumption in driving the genetic alterations in proto-oncogenes associated with lung cancer. The analysis of the miRNA interaction with the top five altered mRNA proto-oncogenes in lung cancer cases due to tobacco consumption was performed using the target prediction function in the miRDP program (Database version, Results: We identified the top five mRNA proto-oncogenes enriched with simple somatic mutations (SSM) in lung cancer were TP53, EGFR, KRAS, FAT4, and KMT2D. Interestingly, we observed the highest incidence of SSM in the Tumor Protein p53 (TP53) gene at 63.64%. Similarly, the SSM incidence was 23.94% in the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR), 22.12% in the Kirsten Rat Sarcoma Viral Oncogene Homolog (KRAS), 18.48% in the FAT Atypical Cadherin 4 (FAT4), and 14.24% in the Lysine (K)-Specific Methyltransferase 2D (KMT2D) genes. Subsequently, we used a bioinformatics approach to assess the effect of miRNA–mRNA interactions in lung cancer among the top five SSM-enriched mRNA proto-oncogenes. Among the top 20 identified and selected miRNAs, we observed 18 unique microRNAs that bind specifically to TP53, KRAS, and FAT4 genes and 17 and 19 microRNAs that exclusively bind with the EGFR and KMT2D genes, respectively. Conclusions: Our study found that the top five SSM-enriched mRNA proto-oncogenes in lung cancers among tobacco smokers were TP53, EGFR, KRAS, FAT4, and KMT2D. Further, our results provide an important insight into the involvement of the intricate network of mRNA–miRNA interactions in the development of lung cancer.

lung cancer
tobacco consumption
somatic mutation
Fig. 1.
Back to top