Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
With the aging population, the incidence of bone defects due to fractures, tumors and infection will increase. Therefore, bone replacement will become an ever bigger and more costly problem. The current standard for bone replacement is autograft, because these transplants are osteoconductive and osteoinductive. However, harvesting an autograft requires additional surgery at the donor site that is related to high level of morbidity. In addition, the quantity of bone tissue that can be harvested is limited. These limitations have necessitated the pursuit of alternatives using biomaterials. The control of bone tissue cell adhesion to biomaterials is an important requirement for the successful incorporation of implants or the colonization of scaffolds for tissue repair. Controlling cells-biomaterials interactions appears of prime importance to influence subsequent biological processes such as cell proliferation and differentiation. Therefore, interactions of cells with biomaterials have been widely studied especially on two-dimensional systems. This review focuses on these interactions.