Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
DIFFERENTIAL DISPLAY OF mRNAs FROM THE ATRIOVENTRICULAR
REGION OF DEVELOPING CHICKEN HEARTS AT STAGES 15 AND 21
In an effort to isolate novel genes that may be involved in the development of the cardiac cushions and then the formation of cardiac valves and septa, we utilized the differential mRNA display method in conjunction with the whole-mount in situ hybridization. The total RNAs used to differentially display were prepared from atrioventricular (AV) canal regions of stage 15 and stage 21 chicken hearts because critical events known to be important for the AV valve and septum formation occur during this period of the development. We have successfully obtained 14 potential candidate genes. Three examples, 15H16 (phospholamban), E13 (skeletal alpha-tropomyosin) and 21C (a novel gene), are discussed here. Levels of mRNA expression in developing hearts were determined by Northern blot analysis and their expression patterns were revealed and compared using whole-mount in situ hybridization. Both phospholamban and skeletal alpha-tropomyosin messages in the myocardium of the AV canal region showed significant decrease during this period of the development. The 21C differential display product detects a novel 9.5 Kb message whose expression is cardiac-specific at early stages of development. The expression level of the 21C gene appeared to be increased from stage 15 to stages 21 and 25 as determined by both Northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization. From these data, we demonstrate that the differential display method together with the whole-mount in situ hybridization could be an effective means for the isolation of novel and differentially expressed genes.