IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 43 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.12891/ceog3037.2016

Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 46 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Original Research
Effect of a low glycemic diet in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome and anovulation - a randomized controlled trial
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1 Centro Universitario de Medicina Reproductiva, Hospital Universitario Dr. José Eleuterio González, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey
2 Departamento de Nutrición, Hospital Universitario Dr. José Eleuterio González, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey (Mexico)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2016, 43(4), 555–559; https://doi.org/10.12891/ceog3037.2016
Published: 10 August 2016
Abstract

Objective: To determine whether a low glycemic index diet is better than a normal glycemic index diet in producing ovulatory cycles in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and anovulation. Materials and Methods: A randomized controlled clinical trial involving 37 women with PCOS and anovulation. The authors randomly assigned low glycemic index diets (n = 19) and normal glycemic index (n = 18) diets, and analyzed the number of ovulatory cycles for three months. Results: In patients who consumed a low glycemic index diet, 24.6% (14/57) of the cycles were ovulatory. In those who consumed a normal glycemic index diet, only 7.4% (4/54) of the cycles were ovulatory (p = 0.014). Conclusions: The difference observed in the number of ovulatory cycles could be related to a decrease in the serum levels of circulating androgens, secondary to an improvement in insulin resistance.
Keywords
Glycemic index
Ovulatory cycles
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Metabolic syndrome.
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