Among all behaviors, nutrition makes the largest contribution to cardiovascular disease morbidity across Europe. This Special Issue “Diet, nutrients and cardiovascular disease prevention” should shed light on the association between various nutrition aspects on the basis of nutrients, dietary patterns (a priori or a posteriori defined) or dietary behaviors and the prevention of cardiovascular diseases or relevant cardiometabolic risk factors.
Appropriate dietary regimen is a wellbeing cornerstone to prevent degenerative disorders. The relationship between nutrition and cardiovascular diseases has been extensively investigated. Mediterranean diet stands among the most discussed dietary patterns in the cardiovascular disease prevention spectrum. However, dietetics is quite a dynamic field. For instance, inconsistencies still exist regarding the role of dairy products or red meat on cardiac health, the protective or neutral effect of vitamin D as well as issues around the concept of chrononutrition. Current areas of interest include new dietetic strategies to prevent disease progression/onset such as fasting, personalised nutrition, gene–diet interactions, novel methods of nutritional assessment, as well as patient and physician education to achieve better compliance.
In conclusion, further research is highly encouraged to inform guidelines and appropriately prioritize national public health policies in line with the most updated knowledge. Thereby, this Special Issue should review all aspects concerning effective nutrition-related plans on this field as well as the underlying mechanisms behind them in order to ameliorate the primary prevention strategies of cardiometabolic disorders.
Prof. Demosthenes B Panagiotakos and Dr. Matina Kouvari
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