†These authors contributed equally.
Background: Assessment of risk factors is essential for clinical diagnosis and prevention in patients with both diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary heart disease (CHD). In the present study we investigated correlation of the Gensini score with the incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) in patients with DM and CHD. Methods: A total of 802 DM patients with CHD admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University and who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study. The median follow-up time for these patients was 3000 days (range 382.5–3000). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for the Gensini score were generated and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated. Patients were divided into two groups based on the Gensini score cut-off value. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors associated with MACCEs. The incidence of MACCEs in the two groups was compared using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: The AUC of the ROC curve was 0.675. The maximum Youden’s index was 0.248 at a Gensini score cut-off value of 74.8605. This gave a sensitivity and specificity for the prediction of MACCE of 68.8% and 56%, respectively. A high Gensini score was a risk factor for MACCEs, and the incidence of MACCEs was significantly greater in the high Gensini score group compared to the low Gensini score group. Conclusions: A high Gensini score is a risk factor for patients with DM and CHD and is associated with a high incidence of MACCEs. Clinical Trial Registration: The details of study design are registered on http://www.chictr.org.cn (identifier: ChiCTR-2200055450).