Academic Editors: Buddhadeb Dawn and Maurizio Pieroni
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of symptomatic arrhythmias, which was induced by multiple causes and dyslipidemia is a well-known causal factor for the atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Interestingly, emerging data has suggested that lipid disorder may be also associated with AF. Several previous studies have shown a link of the prevalence of AF with decreased concentration of low-density lipoproteins (LDL)-cholesterol, total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoproteins (HDL)-cholesterol, and elevated lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)]. In this manuscript, we try to summarize the current evidence regarding the relation of dyslipidemia to the incident AF, present the potential lipid-related mechanisms of AF development, which is involved in cell membrane properties, LDL-receptors reduction, reverse cholesterol transport, adiposity-induced inflammation, apoptosis, and autophagy. Such information may boost our understandings concerning the lipid disorder and AF, which may help future exploration in the link of dyslipidemia and AF.