IMR Press / RCM / Volume 22 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.31083/j.rcm2203104
Open Access Original Research
Evaluation of the aortic velocity propagation, epicardial fat thickness, and carotid intima-media thickness in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism
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1 Cardiology Department, Mardin Community Hospital, 47100 Mardin, Turkey
2 Cardiology Department, Van Training and Research Hospital,65040 Van, Turkey
3 Department of Cardiology, Medicine Hospital, Istanbul Atlas University, 34403 Istanbul, Turkey
4 Cardiology Department, Adıyaman University Training and Research Hospital, 02040 Adıyaman, Turkey
Academic Editor: Hack-Lyoung Kim
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2021, 22(3), 959–966; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.rcm2203104
Submitted: 29 April 2021 | Revised: 26 June 2021 | Accepted: 16 July 2021 | Published: 24 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Arterial Stiffness in Cardiovascular Disease)
Abstract

Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is associated with hemodynamic and metabolic abnormalities that cause endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases. Aortic velocity propagation (AVP), epicardial fat thickness (EFT), and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) may provide additional information in SH patients. This study aimed to evaluate thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), AVP, EFT, and CIMT in SH patients, and determine the associations among these parameters. Eighty patients with SH and 43 euthyroid (EU) individuals were enrolled. Blood samples were collected to measure laboratory parameters. Patients were divided into two groups based on their TSH values (TSH 10 or TSH <10 mIU/L). AVP, EFT, and CIMT were measured and compared between the study groups. A multivariate linear regression model was used for analysis of the independent predictors of AVP (beta = –0.298; 95% confidence interval = –0.946 to –0.287; p < 0.001). AVP was significantly lower in SH patients than the control group (43.7 ± 12.5 and 62.6 ± 13.8, respectively; p < 0.001). EFT values were similar between the SH and control groups (0.7 ± 0.3 and 0.6 ± 0.2, respectively; p = 0.10). SH patients had higher CIMT values than the control group (0.8 ± 0.3 and 0.5 ± 0.2, respectively; p < 0.001). In the multivariate linear analysis, TSH was an independent predictor of AVP. AVP was lower and CIMT was higher in SH patients compared to EU individuals. The increased CIMT and decreased AVP levels were significantly associated with TSH levels in SH patients.

Keywords
Subclinical hypothyroidism
Aortic velocity propagation
Epicardial fat thickness
Carotid intima-media thickness
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