In this paper, the modulation of ascending commissural interneurons by N-methyl-D-aspartate was investigated in neonatal rats by using retrograde labeling and wholecell patch clamp. Data shows these interneurons can be divided into three types (single spike, phasic, and tonic) based on their firing patterns. A hyperpolarizationactivated nonselective cation current and persistent inward current are expressed in these interneurons. The parameters studied (n = 48) include: resting membrane potential (-59.2 ± 0.8 mV), input resistance (964.4 ± 49.3 MΩ), voltage threshold (-39.5 ± 0.6 mV), rheobase (13.5 ± 0.7 pA), action potential height (55.6 ± 2.2 mV), action potential half-width (2.8 ± 0.1 ms), afterhyperpolarization magnitude (16.1 ± 1.2 mV) and half-decay (217.9 ± 10.7ms). 10 µM N-methyl-D-aspartate increases excitability of ascending commissural interneurons by depolarizing the membrane potential, hyperpolarizing voltage threshold, reducing rheobase, and shifting the frequency-current relationship to the left. N-methyl-Daspartate enhances persistent inward currents but reduces hyperpolarization-activated nonselective cation currents. This research uncovers unique ionic and intrinsic properties of ascending commissural interneurons which can be modulated by major excitatory neurotransmitters such as N-methyl-D-aspartate to potentially facilitate left-right alternation during locomotion.