IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 50 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog5001020
Open Access Case Report
Report of Two Cases of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Complicating Transcervical Frozen Embryo Transfer
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1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Hospital Miguel Servet, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
2 Department of Reproduction, Hospital Miguel Servet, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
*Correspondence: (Marta Benito Vielba)
Academic Editor: Michael H. Dahan
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2023, 50(1), 20;
Submitted: 31 October 2021 | Revised: 8 December 2021 | Accepted: 10 December 2021 | Published: 16 January 2023
(This article belongs to the Special Issue In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF))
Copyright: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Background: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) complicating transcervical embryo transfer, not related to previous oocyte aspiration, is an extremely rare event. However, it can lead to severe complications. Case: We report two cases of pelvic infection related to transcervical frozen embryo transfer. The case of one patient was complicated by a pelvic abscess, which required percutaneous drainage, and the case of the other patient was complicated by ascites, which was positive for chlamydia. Conclusions: Despite there not being enough evidence to recommend cervical cultures or antibiotic prophylaxis in all cases of embryo transfer, it would be advisable in those cases with a personal history of PID.

pelvic inflammatory disease
frozen embryo transfer
oocyte aspiration
assisted reproductive techniques
pelvic infection
Fig. 1.
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