IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 49 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog4901003
Open Access Original Research
The effects of cosmetic care on body image, social avoidance and distress in young Chinese breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy
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1 Department of Nursing, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, 200032 Shanghai, China
2 Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, 20032 Shanghai, China

Academic Editor: Michael H. Dahan

Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2022, 49(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.ceog4901003
Submitted: 1 January 2021 | Revised: 5 February 2021 | Accepted: 8 February 2021 | Published: 6 January 2022
Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Abstract

Background: This study aimed to explore the effects of cosmetic care on body image (BI), and social avoidance and distress (SAD) in young Chinese breast cancer patients, aged 18–40 years old, receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. Methods: This was a 2-arm quasi-experimental study based on a single-center. A convenience sample of 76 hospitalized young female breast cancer patients, stage 0-III breast cancer diagnosis was recruited. The control group received usual care, while cosmetic care was added to the intervention group. The primary outcomes were BI and SAD accompanying chemotherapy, and the secondary outcome was the appearance satisfaction. It was registered at Clinical Trials.gov, no. NCT04733482. Results: There were significant differences in patients’ body image, and social avoidance and distress scores from the pre-discharge (T0) to at the end of the chemotherapy cycle (T2) between two groups (P < 0.05). However, the intervention did not significantly change the appearance satisfaction at T2 (P > 0.05). Logistic regression suggested there were no confounding demographic factors influencing the intervention. Conclusions: The present study indicated that cosmetic care improved BI and reduced SAD in young Chinese breast cancer patients during adjuvant chemotherapy. However, a randomized study should be undertaken to confirm our results.

Keywords
Body image
Cosmetic care
Psychosocial support
Social avoidance and distress
Young breast cancer
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