IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 44 / Issue 6 / DOI: 10.12891/ceog3491.2017

Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 46 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Original Research
Effect of regular exercise on reproductive function of aged female in mouse model
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1 Center for Anti-Aging Industry, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Changwon, Korea
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2017, 44(6), 839–846;
Published: 10 December 2017

Purpose: This study examined whether regular exercise can improve ovarian angiogenic factors expression, oocyte quality, and fertility in aged female mice. Materials and Methods: Aged C57BL female mice (30-32 weeks) were treated with regular exercise or without exercise for six weeks and then mated with male mice. After mating, the pregnancy outcome was examined. Female mice of two age groups (6-8 and 30-32 weeks) were regularly exercised for six weeks. After superovulation, mating, and zygote retrieval, ovarian VEGF and eNOS expression, and ovarian apoptosis were examined. Results: The number of pregnant mice, offspring, and embryo development rate in aged mice were significantly higher in the exercise group compared with controls. Ovarian VEGF and eNOS expression was increased, but ovarian apoptosis was decreased in the exercise group. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that regular exercise in aged mice improves oocytes quality and fertility, possibly by regulating ovarian eNOS and VEGF expression.
Ovarian angiogenic factors
Oocyte quality
Aged female
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