IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 32 / Issue 1 / pii/2005021

Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 46 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Original Research

Epidemiology of congenital anomalies in different ethnicities

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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis (Greece)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2005, 32(1), 71–74;
Published: 10 March 2005

Purpose of investigation: To study the prevalence and the epidemiologic characteristics of major congenital anomalies (MCAs) in two different populations in Thrace-Greece. Methods: The ethnic origin of all mothers who delivered in our department and the types of MCAs were determined. We compared the frequencies of MCAs between Christians and Muslims. The chi-square test, t-test, binary and multinomial logistic regression analysis were performed. Results: The prevalence of MCAs was significantly higher in Muslims as compared to Christians (51/4,028 (12.78%) vs 49/5,994 (8.17%), p = 0.035). However, the frequencies of each type of MCA in the total number of deliveries between the two groups did not differ significantly. The central nervous system malformations were most frequently associated with perinatal mortality. Conclusion: This is the first study in Greece showing that there is probably a higher prevalence of MCAs in Muslims as com­pared to Christians, although it can not be elucidated whether this increased risk is related to specific differences between them.

Major congenital malformations
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