IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 48 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.31083/j.ceog4804147
Open Access Original Research
Microbiological pattern of laboratory confirmed vaginal infections among Saudi women
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1 Department of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, 11564 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, 12613 Giza, Egypt
3 Clinical Sciences Department, College of Medicine, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, 11564 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Sulaiman Al Habib Medical Group, 11393 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
*Correspondence: (Hanadi Bakhsh)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2021, 48(4), 929–934;
Submitted: 3 March 2021 | Revised: 3 April 2021 | Accepted: 27 April 2021 | Published: 15 August 2021
Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license (

Background: Imbalance in vaginal microbiota causes vaginal infection in women in mainly reproductive age. This study aimed to determine the microbiological and epidemiological profile of laboratory confirmed vaginal infections among Saudi women. Methods: This cross-sectional retrospective study involved medical records of Saudi women patients with laboratory confirmed vaginal infections from a private hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between January 2015 and January 2019. Results: Among the 4300 medical records that were reviewed, 564 (13.1%) had laboratory-confirmed vaginal infections. Data was collected about participant’s personal and social data, medical history, primary presenting symptom, associated symptoms, obstetric and gynecological history, results of vaginal examination, the results of microbiological tests of vaginal swab specimens, and treatment given, using a data sheet. Sample collected were examined for bacterial vaginosis (BV), Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), trichomonal vaginitis (TV), Group B Streptococcus (GBS) and other infections. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 21. VVC was the most common type (57.4%) followed by GBS (25%) and BV (12.1%). Vaginal infections were found to be associated with reproductive age group and high BMI. Most of the included patients did not have classic risk factors for vaginal infections. Discussion: The medical records of 564 patients, all with laboratory-confirmed vaginal infections were included in this study, which represents 13.1% of all patients who had attended the clinic during the study period. The mean age of the participants in this study was 40.97 ± 8.5 years.

Bacterial vaginosis
Group B streptococci
Vaginal discharge
Vaginal infections
Vulvovaginal candidiasis
Fig. 1.
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