IMR Press / RCM / Volume 25 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.31083/j.rcm2502053
Open Access Original Research
Right Ventricular Longitudinal Shortening is not Associated with Left Ventricular Rotational Mechanics in Healthy Adults - Insights from the Three-dimensional Speckle-tracking Echocardiographic MAGYAR-Healthy Study
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1 Department of Medicine, Albert Szent-Györgyi Medical School, University of Szeged, H-6725 Szeged, Hungary
*Correspondence: (Attila Nemes)
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2024, 25(2), 53;
Submitted: 30 August 2023 | Revised: 3 November 2023 | Accepted: 14 November 2023 | Published: 2 February 2024
Copyright: © 2024 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Introduction: The left ventricle (LV) not only contracts, but its rotational mechanics have a significant role in systolic ejection, whereas the right ventricle (RV) is substantially different in shape and function, and its contractility is not accompanied by rotational features. Simple M-mode echocardiography-based tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) reflects RV longitudinal contraction or shortening. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between the parameters characterizing the rotational mechanics of the LV as assessed by three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) and the TAPSE. The effects of different degrees of these parameters on each other were also examined. Methods: The present retrospective analysis evaluated the results of 80 healthy adult individuals with an average age of 28.1 ± 6.3 years (33 males) with LV rotational mechanics being directed normally. All cases have undergone complete two-dimensional Doppler echocardiography with the measurement of TAPSE and 3DSTE. Results: None of the LV volumes and rotational parameters showed any differences in healthy cases with TAPSE 18–21 mm vs. TAPSE >22 mm. Similarly, right atrial (RA) volumetric parameters did not differ either. TAPSE showed no associations with the degree of basal LV rotation. RA volumes were slightly increased with higher basal LV rotation. Similar to basal LV rotation, TAPSE did not change with the degree of apical LV rotation and a tendentious increase of RA volumes could be demonstrated with increasing apical LV rotation. No correlation could be demonstrated between apical and basal LV rotations and TAPSE. Conclusions: 3DSTE-derived LV rotational parameters and TAPSE are not associated suggesting that LV twist is independent of RV longitudinal shortening in healthy circumstances.

left ventricular
tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion
right atrial
Fig. 1.
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