IMR Press / RCM / Volume 14 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.3909/ricm0683

Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine (RCM) is published by IMR Press from Volume 19 Issue 1 (2018). Previous articles were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with MedReviews, LLC.

Open Access Review
Venous Disease: The Missing Link in Cardiovascular Medicine
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1 Westside Medical Associates of Los Angeles and Geffen School of Medicine-UCLA Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Los Angeles, CA
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2013, 14(1), 7–19;
Published: 30 March 2013
Until recently, medical literature and the practice of vascular medicine focused on the cosmetic aspects of venous disease and the advanced stages of venous insufficiency such as painful varicose veins and venous ulcers. The systemic effects of venous insufficiency resulting from a reduction of venous return and increased transit time of blood from the lower extremities that can mimic heart failure are only recently being recognized. This article reviews the diagnosis and treatment options for the patients with venous insufficiency, and increases awareness about the systemic effects of venous disease and its role in the practice of cardiovascular medicine.
Chronic venous insufficiency
Venous reflux disease
Deep vein thrombosis
Venous duplex ultrasound
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