IMR Press / RCM / Volume 10 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.3909/ricm0462

Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine (RCM) is published by IMR Press from Volume 19 Issue 1 (2018). Previous articles were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with MedReviews, LLC.

Open Access Review

New Insights Into Effective CPR: Cardiocerebral Resuscitation for Primary Cardiac Arrest

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1 Professor and Chief of Cardiology, Director, University of Arizona Sarver Heart Center, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2009, 10(3), 125–133;
Published: 30 September 2009
Cardiocerebral resuscitation is a new approach to patients with primary cardiac arrest that has been shown to dramatically increase survival. The term cardiocerebral is used to stress that the issue is immediate and effective support of the central circulation. Cardiocerebral resuscitation consists of continuous chest compressions—without mouth-to-mouth ventilations—administered by bystanders, and a new algorithm for emergency medical services that consists of sets of 200 chest compressions before and immediately after electrocardiographic analysis and, if indicated, a single shock. Ventilation is initially provided by passive oxygen insufflation rather than with intubation or bag-mask ventilation. Early establishment of intravenous or intraosseous access for epinephrine is emphasized. Postresuscitation care for comatose patients includes early coronary intervention and 24 hours of mild hypothermia. Studies show marked improvement in prehospital cardiac arrest patients with return of spontaneous circulation who subsequently received specialized postresuscitation care.
Cardiac arrest
Ventricular fibrillation
Cardiocerebral resuscitation
Passive oxygen insufflation
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