IMR Press / CEOG / Volume 43 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.12891/ceog2114.2016

Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology (CEOG) is published by IMR Press from Volume 46 Issue 1 (2019). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with S.O.G.

Open Access Original Research
Effects of aloe vera gel on the induction of endometriosis and regression of endometrial explants in a rat model
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1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sakarya University Faculty of Medicine Research and Educational Hospital, Sakarya
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yeditepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul
4 Department of Pathology, Yeditepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul
5 Department of Biochemistry, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş (Turkey)
Clin. Exp. Obstet. Gynecol. 2016, 43(4), 529–533; https://doi.org/10.12891/ceog2114.2016
Published: 10 August 2016
Abstract

Purpose of investigation: To evaluate the preventive and reducing effect of aloe vera gel on surgically-induced endometrial foci in rats. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four reproductive aged female non-pregnant, nulligravid Sprague-Dawley albino rats were used. The rats were randomly divided to three groups (Group 1: control, Group 2: aloe vera endometriosis formation, and Group 3: aloe vera endometriosis treatment). A peritoneal lavage using one-ml saline was taken at all the operations for determination of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and catalase (CAT). Forty-eight horns were implanted in 24 rats. Results: All the implants were properly formed after implantation. In Group 3, before aloe vera application, the sum of the volumes was 87.2 ± 20.4 mm3 and after treatment the volumes dropped to 28.9 ± 14.9 mm3 (p = 0.01). As evaluation of aloe vera on the formation of endometriosis in the second operation in Group 2, the sum of the volumes was 2.9±1.4 mm3 and in Group 1, 118.9 ± 20.0 mm3(p = 0.001). Likewise, similar changes were observed in the histopatological scores. Conclusion: The application of aloe vera was seen to raise antioxidant levels in the peritoneal fluid and to reduce oxidative stress markers. Aloe vera is effective in the inhibition of formation and regression of endometriotic lesions.
Keywords
Aloe vera
Endometriosis
Oxidative stress
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