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IMR Press / FBE / Volume 14 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.31083/j.fbe1403020
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Open Access Original Research
Short-term Variability of Macro- and Trace Elements in Elymus Repens L. and Urtica Dioica L.
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1 Institute of Earth Sciences, St. Petersburg University, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
2 Research Unit of Sustainable Chemistry, University of Oulu, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
3 Faculty of low-temperature energy, ITMO University, 197101 St. Petersburg, Russia
4 Faculty of Physics, St. Petersburg University, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
*Correspondence: shtangeeva@gmail.com (Irina Shtangeeva)
Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2022, 14(3), 20; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.fbe1403020
Submitted: 17 January 2022 | Revised: 23 February 2022 | Accepted: 25 February 2022 | Published: 28 July 2022
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Abstract

Background: The main aim of the research was to study short-term changes in the concentrations of elements in two widely distributed plant species, couch grass and nettle and in the rhizosphere soil of the plants. Methods: The sampling of plants and soil was carried out on three dates: 3, 10, and 25 May 2021. On each day of sampling, the plants and soil were collected three times: at 9:00, 14:00, and 19:00. The ICP-OES and ICP-MS analytical techniques were used for determination of elements in the plant and soil samples. The Raman spectroscopy was applied to study variations in the organic compounds. Results: The concentrations of both macro-nutrients and trace elements in plants varied greatly over daytime on all dates of sampling. The differences between concentrations of many elements in the plants collected at different times during a day were statistically significant. There were also statistically significant differences between concentrations of some elements (Na, Mg, P, K, Fe, Ba) in the plants collected on different dates. The relative intensity of diffuse luminescence of the rhizosphere soil of couch grass and nettle was different during daytime and also differed between the soils taken from roots of the two plant species, especially in the beginning of May. Conclusions: The experimental data indicates that the daily variations of the element concentrations in plants might be a result of multiple effects of various factors. The differences in the daily element variations in the couch grass and nettle growing in the same site and collected simultaneously might be due to the fact that these plants belong to different clades. The diurnal fluctuations (that also include regular changes in the element concentrations in plants) can be different for monocotyledons (couch grass) and dicotyledons (nettle). New experimental findings on short-term variations in the concentrations of macro-nutrients and trace elements can help to gain a new insight into accumulation of the elements in different plant species and also be useful in agricultural practice.

Keywords
daily variations
uptake of elements
couch grass
nettle
rhizosphere soil
ICP-OES
ICP-MS
raman spectroscopy
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