Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
3D printing is a rapidly advancing technology which represents a significant technological achievement that could be useful in a variety of biomedical applications. In the field of surgery, 3D printing is envisioned as a significant step in the areas of surgical planning, education and training. The 3D printed models are considered as high quality and efficient educational tools. In this paper A randomized controlled trial was performed to compare the educational role of 3D printed models with that of the conventional MRI films in the training of surgical residents. Statistical analysis revealed that Resident surgeons who studied only the anal fistula printed models, (Group B) achieved a higher overall score in the fistula assessment test (87,2 (82,6-91,6)) compared to resident surgeons (Group A) who studied only MRI images (74,85 (66,8-73,5)). 3D printing technology can lead to improvement in preoperative planning accuracy, followed by efficient optimization of the treatment strategy. It is believed that 3D printing technology could be used in the case of various other surgical applications, thus representing a novel tool for surgical education.