IMR Press / FBE / Volume 1 / Issue 1 / DOI: 10.2741/E6

Frontiers in Bioscience-Elite (FBE) is published by IMR Press from Volume 13 Issue 2 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Clinical manifestations of pediatric idiopathic hypercalciuria
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1 Keith K. Lau, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Davis, 2516 Stockton Blvd., Sacramento, CA 95817, USA
Academic Editor:Lavjay Butani
Front. Biosci. (Elite Ed) 2009, 1(1), 52–59; https://doi.org/10.2741/E6
Published: 1 June 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bones and stones: the saga of idiopathic hypercalciuria in children)
Abstract

Idiopathic hypercalciuria (IH) is a common metabolic disorder in children with protean manifestations, many of which can mimic other common pediatric diseases. Reports in the medical literature describe children with IH presenting with a wide array of calculi and non-calculi related clinical symptoms such as hematuria, urinary tract infections (UTIs), urgency, urinary incontinence and recurrent abdominal pain. Many of these symptom complexes have been only loosely associated with IH with no definite established causal relationship. Due to the common nature of IH and the varied clinical features attributed to it, it is of utmost importance for health-care professionals to be aware of these; this will facilitate early and appropriate investigations and prompt institution of therapy to avoid long-term morbidity.

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