IMR Press / FBL / Volume 29 / Issue 5 / DOI: 10.31083/j.fbl2905188
Open Access Review
Unveiling Methods to Stimulate Plant Resistance against Pathogens
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1 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan, 7718897111 Rafsanjan, Iran
*Correspondence: r.saberi@vru.ac.ir (Roohallah Saberi Riseh)
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2024, 29(5), 188; https://doi.org/10.31083/j.fbl2905188
Submitted: 27 January 2024 | Revised: 5 April 2024 | Accepted: 17 April 2024 | Published: 14 May 2024
Copyright: © 2024 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
Abstract

Plant diseases caused by pathogens pose significant threats to agricultural productivity and food security worldwide. The traditional approach of relying on chemical pesticides for disease management has proven to be unsustainable, emphasizing the urgent need for sustainable and environmentally friendly alternatives. One promising strategy is to enhance plant resistance against pathogens through various methods. This review aims to unveil and explore effective methods for stimulating plant resistance, transforming vulnerable plants into vigilant defenders against pathogens. We discuss both conventional and innovative approaches, including genetic engineering, induced systemic resistance (ISR), priming, and the use of natural compounds. Furthermore, we analyze the underlying mechanisms involved in these methods, highlighting their potential advantages and limitations. Through an understanding of these methods, scientists and agronomists can develop novel strategies to combat plant diseases effectively while minimizing the environmental impact. Ultimately, this research offers valuable insights into harnessing the plant’s innate defense mechanisms and paves the way for sustainable disease management practices in agriculture.

Keywords
stimulating plant resistance
vigilant defenders
priming
ISR
genetic engineering
sustainable disease management
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