†These authors contributed equally.
Academic Editors: Marcus Franz and Alexander Pfeil
Background: To investigate the effect and potential molecular mechanisms of Dipsacoside B (DB), an herb monomer extracted from Dipsacusasper or Lonicera macranthoides, on the migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and balloon-induced neointimal formation. Methods: In vivo, rat abdominal aorta balloon injury model was utilized to investigate the effect of DB on the neointimal formation. In vitro, cultured VSMCs were used to investigate the effect of DB on Angiotensin-II (Ang-II)-induced migration and proliferation of VSMCs. Western blot and immunofluorescence were used to measure PTEN expression. Results: As compared to vehicle control balloon-injury group, DB treatment significantly inhibited the neointimal formation together up-regulated the expression of phosphatase and tension homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN). Cell proliferations (MTT and Edu incorporation) assays and wound migration measurement further revealed that treatment with DB significantly blunted Ang-II-induced proliferation and migration potential of VSMCs. Western blot analysis exhibited that DB upregulated the expression of PTEN in vivo and in vitro. Conclusions: DB treatment suppresses the proliferation and migration of VSMCs and reduces neointimal formation by the mechanisms involving regulating the phenotype switch of VSMCs via upregulating PTEN expression.