Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Acute lung injury (ALI) is a life-threatening condition caused by severe inflammation of lung tissues. We hypothesized that lipopolysaccharide induced acute lung inflammation and injury in mice might be controlled by lonicerin (LCR), a plant flavonoid that impacts immunity, oxidative stress, and cell proliferation. LCR reduced pathological changes including pulmonary edema, elevation of protein in bronchoalveolar lavage, inflammation, pro-inflammatory gene expression, expression of toll-like receptor 4/nuclear factor-kappa B, apoptosis, and significantly reduced mortality. Together, the results suggest that LCR might be a potential and effective candidate for the treatment of ALI that acts by inhibiting inflammation and apoptosis.