Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
The mucolipin-1 (TRPML1) ion channel, transmembrane-163 (TMEM163) protein, and lysosomal zinc handling
Academic Editors: Hui-Ling Chiang, Shannon Kelleher
Lysosomes are emerging as important players in cellular zinc ion (Zn2+) homeostasis. The series of work on Zn2+ accumulation in the neuronal lysosomes and the mounting evidence on the role of lysosomal Zn2+ in cell death during mammary gland involution set a biological precedent for the central role of the lysosomes in cellular Zn2+ handling. Such a role appears to involve cytoprotection on the one hand, and cell death on the other. The recent series of work began to identify the molecular determinants of the lysosomal Zn2+ handling. In addition to zinc transporters (ZnT) of the solute-carrier family type 30A (SLC30A), the lysosomal ion channel TRPML1 and the poorly understood novel transporter TMEM163 have been shown to play a role in the Zn2+ uptake by the lysosomes. In this review, e summarize the current knowledge on molecular determinants of the lysosomal Zn2+ handling, uptake, and release pathways, as well as discuss their possible roles in health and disease.