IMR Press / FBL / Volume 16 / Issue 2 / DOI: 10.2741/3706

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
Redox sensitive Pyk2 as a target for therapeutics in breast cancer
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1 Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, HLS 593, Miami, FL 33199, USA.
Academic Editor:Mukesh Agarwal
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2011, 16(2), 568–577;
Published: 1 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel strategies for detection, prevention and treatment of cancer)

Breast cancer progression is dependent on the formation of new blood vessels that not only help the tumor by supplying additional nutrients, but also allow cancer cells to spread from the breast to distant sites in the body. Several studies suggest a positive correlation between new vessel formation and estrogens. Estrogenic environmental chemicals such as PCBs have been shown to increase the expression of factors known to promote vessel formation in breast tumors. These studies highlight a growing concern that women exposed to estrogenic environmental compounds may be more susceptible to either aggressive metastatic tumors or a high recurrence of breast cancer. Our concept offers a fundamental new understanding of the way the environment contributes to breast cancer progression. This review will be focused on a highly novel Pyk2 signaling complex as a target for therapy of estrogen dependent breast tumor angiogenesis. A better understanding of the role of Pyk2 signaling in estrogen dependent tumor vascularization may lead to the development of a new therapy against aggressive breast cancer using small molecule inhibitors of Pyk2.

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