Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
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Hemocidins are a recently discovered group of microbicidal peptides that emerge from heme-binding proteins, especially hemoglobin. Hemocidins have been obtained in vitro after the chemical or enzymatic fragmentation of globin molecules and have also been isolated from biological sources, such as insect guts and the tissues and excretions of the female reproductive tract. This work presents a concise review of contemporary studies concerning antibacterial peptides, especially those derived from humans, and against this broad structural and functional background discusses the properties of hemocidins.