IMR Press / RCM / Volume 24 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.31083/j.rcm2404104
Open Access Review
Telemonitoring during Exercise Training in Cardiac Telerehabilitation: A Review
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1 Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The University of Tokyo Hospital, 113-8655 Tokyo, Japan
2 Department of Computational Diagnostic Radiology and Preventive Medicine, The University of Tokyo Hospital, 113-8655 Tokyo, Japan
3 Department of Therapeutic Strategy for Heart Failure, The University of Tokyo, 113-8655 Tokyo, Japan
*Correspondence: (Eisuke Amiya)
Rev. Cardiovasc. Med. 2023, 24(4), 104;
Submitted: 29 October 2022 | Revised: 8 February 2023 | Accepted: 16 February 2023 | Published: 4 April 2023
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cardiac Rehabilitation—Volume 2)
Copyright: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by IMR Press.
This is an open access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.

Comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is promising strategy for various cardiovascular diseases. Despite these benefits and the recommendation, adherence to outpatient CR remains low. Home-based CR with telemedicine (tele-CR) is emerging concept that is a good alternative to conventional center-based CR. With the development of e-health and e-Cardiology, real-time telemonitoring of patients’ parameters such as vital signs and supervising by healthcare professionals during exercise training via internet might make it possible for safe and effective tele-CR to be performed. Therefore, the present study reviews the literature to summarize the current situation and methodology of patient telemonitoring in tele-CR.

cardiac telerehabilitation
real-time telemonitoring
real-time supervision
cardiovascular diseases
Fig. 1.
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