IMR Press / FBL / Volume 5 / Issue 3 / DOI: 10.2741/pathology

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Article
BETA 2 integrin signaling in leukocytes
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1 Division of Experimental Pathology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Lund University, Malmö University Hospital, Entrance 78, SE-20 502 Malmö, Sweden
Academic Editor:Staffan Johansson
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2000, 5(3), 438–451; https://doi.org/10.2741/pathology
Published: 1 April 2000
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Integrins, cell migration and extracellular matrix)
Abstract

Members of the beta 2 integrin family are the dominating integrins expressed on leukocytes, and they play a major role in leukocyte cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesions during inflammation and other immune responses. Beta 2 integrins are signaling receptors, but they are also targets of and are functionally affected by intracellular signals. Accordingly, researchers usually discuss two types of signaling by beta 2 integrins (and integrins in general): transmission of signals into the cell following binding of ligands or counter-receptors to the integrins (outside-in signaling), and regulation of the avidity and conformation of integrins by signals generated by other receptors within the cell (inside-out signaling). In this review, our aim is to summarize what is known about the capacity of beta 2 integrins to generate outside-in signaling in leukocytes, in particular polymorphonuclear neutrophils. Results in the literature clearly demonstrate that one of the earliest events in beta 2 integrin signaling is activation of non-receptor tyrosine kinases, which in turn triggers downstream activation of various signaling pathways that affect different functional responses of the cell. We also discuss molecules of potential importance in beta 2 integrin signaling.

Keywords
b2 integrins
leukocytes
cytoskeleton
small GTPases
tyrosine kinases
Ca2+
Review
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