Academic Editor: Alika K. Maunakea
The N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundant internal modification in advanced eukaryotic mRNAs, and it plays an important role in mRNA metabolism and diverse biological processes. Moreover, m6A modification is dynamically reversible and may reshape gene expression patterns after demethylation induced by drug interventions, which may reverse the occurrence and progression of certain diseases. Although the role of changes in DNA methylation in ophthalmic diseases has been well described, the regulatory role of the m6A modification in ophthalmic diseases is still a new field of study. This paper aims to systematically summarize the latest research progress about m6a-modification-related ophthalmic diseases and potential therapeutic strategies. All English literature relevant to our research was searched in PubMed and CNKI databases, using appropriate keywords. Our study reviews the regulatory role of m6A in ophthalmic diseases. It covers almost all of the reported m6A-related ophthalmic diseases and proposes potential treatment strategies for each disease. This review will provide direction for further research on m6A in ophthalmic diseases and help in the treatment of ophthalmic diseases in the future.