IMR Press / FBL / Volume 25 / Issue 5 / DOI: 10.2741/4841

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review
How biological elements interact with language: The biolinguistic inquiry
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1 School of Foreign Languages, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215006, China
2 School of Linguistic Sciences and Arts, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, 221009, China
3 epartment of Basic Courses, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Taian, Shandong, 271019, China
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2020, 25(5), 930–947; https://doi.org/10.2741/4841
Published: 1 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Leader sequences of coronavirus are altered during infection)
Abstract

Biolinguistics realizes a scientific approach to study language both as a biological object (the language faculty) and an internal, intensional and individual language system (I-language), spurring a cross-disciplinary exploration of the biological nature of human language. The poverty of stimulus (POS) in language acquisition, together with the roles played by neurobiological factors in linguistic aphasia, specific language impairment and mirror deficits, confirms the biological nature of the language faculty and I-language. Based on the property, the classic molecular genetic study reveals how human genetic endowments canalize the development of human language, and they interact with specific linguistic experience during the maturation of human language. Further, the rapid development of biological research promotes an increasing emphasis on a more nuanced molecular network system, along with the existing interest in one-gene-one-behavioral phenotype. Thus, a synthetic perspective on the study of the biological part of language will function as a new departure for the incoming biolinguistic inquiry.

Keywords
: Biolinguistics
Language Faculty
Genotype
Phenotype
Molecular Genetics
Neurobiology
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