IMR Press / FBL / Volume 23 / Issue 10 / DOI: 10.2741/4673

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

Microbial bio-fuels: a solution to carbon emissions and energy crisis

Show Less
1 Department of Environmental Microbiology, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar (Central) University, Lucknow-226025, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar (Central) University, Lucknow-226025, Uttar Pradesh, India
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2018, 23(10), 1789–1802; https://doi.org/10.2741/4673
Published: 1 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbes for bioenergy production and industrial applications)
Abstract

Increasing energy demand, limited fossil fuel resources and climate change have prompted development of alternative sustainable and economical fuel resources such as crop-based bio-ethanol and bio-diesel. However, there is concern over use of arable land that is used for food agriculture for creation of biofuel. Thus, there is a renewed interest in the use of microbes particularly microalgae for bio-fuel production. Microbes such as micro-algae and cyanobacteria that are used for biofuel production also produce other bioactive compounds under stressed conditions. Microbial agents used for biofuel production also produce bioactive compounds with antimicrobial, antiviral, anticoagulant, antioxidant, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity. Because of importance of such high-value compounds in aquaculture and bioremediation, and the potential to reduce carbon emissions and energy security, the biofuels produced by microbial biotechnology might substitute the crop-based bio-ethanol and bio-diesel production.

Keywords
Microbes
Bio-fuels
Climate change
Carbon emissions
Bio-products
Review
Share
Back to top