Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.
Improved prosthetic design and application of strict criteria in selection of patients have resulted in wide use of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) in the surgical treatment of damaged joints. Here, we review the contemporary indications, outcomes, and complications of procedures, such as lateral and medial UKA and total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and compare the severity of complications in UKA and TKA. Patients with unicompartmental femorotibial osteoarthritis and patients who underwent UKA and ACL reconstruction for deficiencies in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) all had good clinical outcomes and survival. Reliable and successful options in the treatment of patients with isolated tibiofemoral osteoarthritis include lateral and medial UKA.