IMR Press / FBL / Volume 18 / Issue 4 / DOI: 10.2741/4184

Frontiers in Bioscience-Landmark (FBL) is published by IMR Press from Volume 26 Issue 5 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher on a subscription basis, and they are hosted by IMR Press on imrpress.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Frontiers in Bioscience.

Open Access Review

Diagnosis, management, and prevention of prosthetic joint infections

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1 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shanghai Sixth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, No.600 Yishan Road, Shanghai 200233, China
Academic Editor:Fei He
Front. Biosci. (Landmark Ed) 2013, 18(4), 1349–1357; https://doi.org/10.2741/4184
Published: 1 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cellular immunology and stem cell biology)
Abstract

As the number of joint prosthesis replacements worldwide increases exponentially, prosthetic joint infection (PJI), associated with prosthetic implants, has become a devastating complication associated with high morbidity and substantial cost. Patients who develop PJIs typically require extended hospitalization, additional surgical procedures, and long courses of parenteral antimicrobials. Defining the diagnostic criteria is complicated by patient heterogeneity. No single routinely used clinical test has been shown to achieve the ideal sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for the diagnosis of PJI. Goals of treatment are to eradicate infection, prevent recurrence, and preserve mechanical joint function. Meanwhile, preventive strategies should be used in a timely and appropriate fashion. The present review will discuss the diagnosis, management, and prevention of PJI.

Keywords
Prosthetic Joint Infections
Diagnosis
Management
Prevention
Review
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